Sunday, August 19, 2012

Hebrews 5:11-14 – You’re the immature one!

Hebrews 5:11-14 – You’re the immature one!
By Pastor Lee Hemen
August 19, 2012 AM

The other day when I went swimming at the lake two young women, who were cooling off by standing in the water, were talking to one another about a mutual acquaintance. You could not help but overhear what they were saying because they were not very silent. One remarked, “She is so immature!” The other readily agreed and then they proceeded to act like a couple of junior high girls and gossip about the person they thought was “so immature”! None of us is immune to such childish behavior. I caught myself at the Fair the other day acting like a tired, hungry, and cranky toddler!

What is truly sad are folks who claim faith in Christ and supposedly have been Christians for years who still do not understand basic biblical concepts. Recently I interviewed a young couple who although had been missionaries in the field, they did not comprehend the basic concepts of church membership, how their denomination worked, nor the importance of faith alone in Christ alone. In our day and age there are too many believers who base their faith on feelings rather than on basic biblical truths. The writer of Hebrews faced a similar situation with the folks he was trying to speak too. Let’s discover what he says about Christian immaturity…

READ: Hebrews 5:11-14

Spiritual immaturity breeds heresy within the Christian church. At its core are laziness and a sloppy spirituality. The author of Hebrews had barely begun his teaching on the topic of the Melchizedek priesthood of Christ but he could not continue because of the immaturity of his listeners. Like little children who get easily bored, he wondered how much exposition they could digest! He knew there was inherent danger for them to remain spiritually immature. They would be easily swayed by anyone who came along and led astray. He teaches us that…

I. Immature Christians fail to understand elementary truths! (Vv. 11-12)


  “We have much to say about this, but it is hard to explain because you are slow to learn. In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God's word all over again. You need milk, not solid food!” (Hebrews 5:11-12 NIV)

  1. You would have thought that people who claimed to be Christians for probably the better part of two to three decades would have understood some of the basic tenants of their faith! This is not the case here in Hebrews. We find the author writing that, “We have much to say about this, but it is hard to explain because you are slow to learn.” Wow! I guess spiritual immaturity began in the first century! How frustrating it must have been for him to earnestly want to continue in his teaching about Jesus and Melchizedek, but it became “hard to explain because [they were] slow to learn!” Like little children who constantly have to be told to “look both ways” before crossing the street, these believers had to be constantly reintroduced to biblical basics! Hebrews states that “In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again.” They were lethargic in applying what they had heard! In fact, by this time they should have been able to teach others, but they were so deliberately lazy they needed “someone to teach [them] the elementary truths of God’s word all over again!” Like immature babies, they needed “milk, not solid food!” Certainly repetition is good for the soul but at some point the spiritual sloth has to apply what they have constantly heard! I believe there are only two possible conclusions concerning people like this: Either they are in rebellion against God or they are not saved in the first place! The author believes his listeners are saved but theologically lazy, which meant they were in rebellion to what they had heard over and over again! Which conclusion best fits your faith? We discovered that immature Christians fail to understand elementary truths!

  EXAMPLE: You would think that people would easily learn elementary truths, but they always do not. The other day we went to a local farm to buy some melons and pet the farm animals. My little grandson loves to pet animals. He especially likes to get up close and personal with them and it was tough trying to explain to him that he could not touch the wire on the electric fence that surrounded their pen. Now I fully understand what it means to touch an electric fence, because I have experienced the rather shocking feeling myself several times, but he has not. Not even once, and so, try as I might, he still did not fully understand it until he saw one of the goats touch the wire, get zapped, and quickly jump back. He looked up at me and went, “WHOA!” I am glad to say that he learned an elementary truth. Afterwards he folded his hands behind his back and made sure he was several feet from the electric wire. How sad to learn that there are those who should know better yet are immature Christians who fail to understand elementary truths!

Did you know that the meat from young calves that are only fed milk and then slaughtered is called “veal”? It is extremely tender and costly. The same is true for those believers who constantly feed themselves on spiritual milk. They are “tender” and easily offended when confronted for their spiritual shallowness and are costly to the churches they are part of because they serve only when it benefits them or leave at a moment’s whim, costing the church body harm, frustration, and hindering its ministry. Sad to say this is nothing new because we discover from Hebrews that…

II. Mature Christians eat solid theological food regularly! (Vv. 13-14)

  “Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness. But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.” (Hebrews 5:13-14 NIV)

  1. The writer of Hebrews correctly notes that “anyone who lives on milk” should be considered “still an infant”! Of course what he is referring to is spiritual milk, the rudimentary teaching concerning the gospel. In our Sunday School Preschool Classes they are taught the concept of God’s love. God loves you, God loves others, we love God and we should love others. Sadly, much of the world today is stuck in “theological preschool.” Like the readers Hebrews was referring to, many today are “not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness.” It is very easy for toddlers to understand when they are loved, but it is often frustrating for them to learn obedience. The same is true for believers. It is easy to know we are loved by God, but a lot more difficult to learn righteousness. These people were not familiar with what they needed to be familiar with, namely righteousness! They could neither experience it for themselves nor teach what it meant to others! The Bible Knowledge Commentary states that “It is not so much that a spiritual ‘infant’ lacks information — though at first he obviously does — but rather that he has not yet learned to put ‘the teaching about righteousness’ to effective use. He lacks the skill which goes with maturity and which results in the ability to make appropriate moral choices!” This is why Hebrews states, “But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.” Righteousness is not just keeping oneself free from doing really stupid things; it is living a consistently morally holy life for God! In other words, making the right choices that God would have you make! Being in worship regularly, reading the Word, praying, being a part of and serving in his church! The truly hard stuff concerning righteousness comes from knowing and doing these things consistently! It is the only way you can “distinguish good from evil” in your life! Folks, immature Christians live on a diet of theological milk but mature Christians eat solid theological food regularly!

  EXAMPLE: One of the children’s TV shows that are often panned is the show Barney. The reason it is, is because of its simplistic method of teaching. To see and hear a big lumpy purple dinosaur dance around and sing, “I love you, you love me. We’re a happy family! With a great big hug and a kiss from me to you. Won’t you say you love me too?” kind of leaves itself open to all kinds of put-downs. Yet many Christians remain in a kind of Barney-believism. There are those who claim Christ, yet believe that sex before marriage is okay. They forget that sexuality is a powerful natural narcotic and Jesus fully understood this. It is easy believism to think that as long as we say we “love one another” or that “we are going to get married it is okay,” but then Jesus taught: “You have heard that it was said, ‘Do not commit adultery.’ But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.” (Matthew 5:27-28 NIV) That’s tough! That’s righteousness! That’s not Barney-believism! Immature Christians live on a diet of theological milk but mature Christians eat solid theological food regularly!

Conclusion:
Immature Christians fail to understand elementary truths! Mature Christians eat solid theological food regularly!
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Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 Biblica. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

Pastor Lee Hemen has been the outspoken pastor of the same church for 27 years in Vancouver, WA. He writes regularly on spirituality and conservative causes and maintains several web blogs. This article is copyrighted © 2012 by Lee Hemen and is the sole property of Lee Hemen, and may not be used unless you quote the entire article and have my permission.

Sunday, August 12, 2012

Hebrews 5:1-10 – Jesus our Melchizedek!

Hebrews 5:1-10 – Jesus our Melchizedek!
By Pastor Lee Hemen
August 12, 2012 AM

There is a horrendous misunderstanding which borders on heresy in Christianity today. It is self-centeredness where worship is wrapped around the individual, commitment is based on our contentment, and our Savior and Lord is reduced to effeminate individual. Much of the church today fails to teach or comprehend just who Jesus is and what he has done for sinful man. Instead, we try to make the gospel relevant to the day and thereby Jesus into a means of living life for the moment. Ungodly sin is excused and Jesus made into our immoral image. Nothing could be further from the truth.

The author of Hebrews set forth two key truths: 1) the exalted position of Jesus who is uniquely God’s King-Son and 2) the salvation-inheritance of those who trust him by faith. Included in these themes are solemn warnings not to neglect the inheritance that Jesus’ relationship makes possible. The Son’s kingship has been at the center of all this discussion. Hebrews has made it clear that the King-Son is also a High Priest. The importance of this reality has already been briefly pointed out. Now, however, we discover what it means for Jesus our Melchizedek!

READ: Hebrews 5:1-10

We like things simple and fast. We listen to books rather then read them, we text or tweet rather than phone or speak, and we want it our way or no way. Sadly this has infected our theology as well. We would rather have someone teach us how to be spiritual than to actually be spiritual. We want to experience Jesus rather than know Jesus. However here in Hebrews we discover that Jesus is not only the King-Son he is also the High Priest. What’s the big deal? Well…

I. Jesus, our Melchizedek, is far better than any human priest is! (Vv. 1-4)


  “Every high priest is selected from among men and is appointed to represent them in matters related to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. He is able to deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray, since he himself is subject to weakness. This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people. No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was.” (Hebrews 5:1-4 NIV)

  1. To be the high priest of Israel was a tremendous honor. Out of all your peers, you were selected because of your devotion, righteousness, and knowledge of God. How sad therefore that by the time of Christ, the high priest was selected by nepotism, meaning through family relationship. Still, all were “selected from among men” by men. However, these men represented their fellow man before God and they were to empathize with their fellow humans when they offered “gifts and sacrifices for sins.” They were to “deal gently with those who are ignorant and are going astray” from their relationship with God. Each one was to do this remembering that “he himself is subject to weakness.” I find it interesting that Peter reminds believers to “live your lives as strangers here in reverent fear” (1 Peter 1:17 NIV) and that we “are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light.” (1 Peter 2:9 NIV) Christians are to “Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit, but in humility consider others better than [ourselves].” (Philippians 2:3 NIV) In fact, as the priest walked into the holiest of holies he was to remember in all humility why he was there and that he was no better than those he represented. Hebrews relates that, “This is why he has to offer sacrifices for his own sins, as well as for the sins of the people.” The priest was never to forget, “There is not a righteous man on earth who does what is right and never sins.” (Ecclesiastes 7:20 NIV) Hebrews remarks that, “No one takes this honor upon himself; he must be called by God, just as Aaron was.” The high priest was divinely appointed and could not simply be one because he desired that honor. Just as Aaron was, this High Priest must also be called by God. What the writer is tacitly telling us is the fact that as humble and gentle as a man-picked priest was, Jesus, our Melchizedek, is far better than any human priest is!

  EXAMPLE: The nation was shocked when there were accusations concerning priests who had sexually abused children in their congregations. Recently the first conviction of a high-level Roman Catholic official in the nationwide priest sexual abuse scandal, a monsignor in the Philadelphia Archdiocese was recently found guilty of child endangerment for covering up allegations of abuse of children. Evangelical pastors have not been free from the taint of ungodly behavior either. Each year we sadly read of those who get involved in extramarital affairs or who abuse others as well. As horrible as this is we must never forget that while these men hold their positions as pastors or priests, they are sinful men! Therefore, how truly wonderful for us to realize that our salvation is not dependent upon any mere man but rather on Jesus, our Melchizedek, who is far better than any human priest is!

There were those during Jesus’ day and immediately following who actually thought that the coming Messiah would be two people, an earthly king and a high priest, who would serve God. The writer of Hebrews is putting this final teaching to rest in showing that Jesus completely fulfills both positions simultaneously. The reason is simple…

II. Jesus, our Melchizedek, is chosen by God! (Vv. 5-10)

  “So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him, ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father.’ And he says in another place, ‘You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.’ During the days of Jesus' life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 5:5-10 NIV)

  1. Immediately the author tells us, “So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest.” Just as a human picked priest should never decide on his own to be high priest, Jesus did not either. Hebrews is speaking of Jesus’ earthly existence. In fact there is a huge difference in that God chose Jesus! Jesus is not only the Son of God and his heir, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father”, but Jesus is also the perfect priest! He is “a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” In quoting both Psalm 2:7 and Psalm 110:4 Hebrews is tying together both Messianic concepts of priest and king! This is how Jesus “sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven.” (v. 1:3) Jesus made greater offerings during his life on earth than any man-picked priest could ever do because “he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission.” Never forget that Jesus-God willingly became human and thereby submitted himself. Jesus’ death on the cross became the cry that God heard for mankind’s sins! Here is the mystery, here is the wonder of it all, here is the one thing that should make all human beings catch their collective breath, namely that “Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him!” Jesus’ obedience was his death and resurrection and he has become our ultimate sacrifice, something no earthly manmade high priest could ever do! It is not simply empathy we receive from Jesus, we receive mercy! This is because Jesus “was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.” The writer of Hebrews is not teaching Jesus is subordinate to God the Father as some heresies teach, rather Jesus as God chose to come and minister the way he did for a reason. He did it to be our Messiah. To be both our heavenly king and our high priest forever! Jesus, our Melchizedek, is chosen by God!

  EXAMPLE: The film Miracle tells the true story of the 1980 US Olympic ice hockey team as it marches to an improbable gold medal. At the outset of the story, coach Herb Brooks is shown selecting the players for his team. When he gives assistant coach Craig Patrick a list of names he has chosen, Craig says in surprise, “You’re missing some of the best players.” Brooks responds, “I’m not looking for the best players, Craig—just the right ones.” Brooks knew that individual talent would take the team only so far. A willingness to fit into his style of selfless play would be far more important than talent. Clearly, team success, not individual glory, was the priority. The biblical call to service as a high priest has a similar emphasis. God chose before the creation of the world to come in the form of a man to become our perfect High Priest. Jesus, our Melchizedek, is chosen by God!

Conclusion:
Jesus, our Melchizedek, is far better than any human priest is! Jesus, our Melchizedek, is chosen by God!
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Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 Biblica. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

Pastor Lee Hemen has been the outspoken pastor of the same church for 27 years in Vancouver, WA. He writes regularly on spirituality and conservative causes and maintains several web blogs. This article is copyrighted © 2012 by Lee Hemen and is the sole property of Lee Hemen, and may not be used unless you quote the entire article and have my permission.

Sunday, August 05, 2012

Hebrews 4:12-16 -- Confidence when everything is exposed!

Hebrews 4:12-16 -- Confidence when everything is exposed!
By Pastor Lee Hemen
August 5, 2012 AM

On the web site “pickthebrain.com” they share 10 ways to become more confident in your life. They write that “Self confidence is the difference between feeling unstoppable and feeling scared out of your wits. Your perception of yourself has an enormous impact on how others perceive you. Perception is reality — the more self confidence you have, the more likely it is you’ll succeed.” Now, do you want to know what they wrote? They said to 1) dress sharp, 2) walk faster, 3) maintain good posture, 4) be grateful for your successes, 5) compliment others, 7) sit in the front row, 8) speak up, 9) work out, and 10) contribute. But what does one do when their life is totally exposed?

The Bible relates that God knows us from even before we were created! All our days are revealed to the Creator. In finishing his description of Psalm 95:1-11, where Israel failed to enter God’s rest; the writer concludes this section with a warning that is both sobering and comforting. He lets us know that nothing gets by God but rather than being fearful of what God knows about us, we can have confidence when everything is exposed! Let’s find out why…

READ: Hebrews 4:12-16

The Bible and the writer of Hebrews remind us that…

I. We are exposed before God! (Vv. 12-13)

  “For the word of God is living and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart. Nothing in all creation is hidden from God's sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to whom we must give account.” (Hebrews 4:12-13 NIV)

  1. Notice that the writer shares that the “word of God is living and active.” This is important because either there are those who think God does not know or he does not care; this is simply not the case. His Word is living and active, he is therefore making the case that Jesus is alive and still very much active in the lives of those who have placed their faith in him. Christ, the author, the sum and substance of all things, is the living God, omnipotent and omniscient; not a thing, but a living person who is a critical discerner of the secrets of men's hearts. In fact the Word of God is “Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart.” Not only are the words of God active and alive, but his Son, our Savior is as well. We know that by the words of his mouth, by the power of his Spirit, and the efficacy of his grace he makes us holy. His words are as a sharp sword and out of his mouth come teaching which pierces the hearts of men, cuts them to the quick, and lays their souls open. In fact, “Nothing in all creation is hidden from God’s sight. Everything is uncovered and laid bare before the eyes of him to whom we must give account.” All people everywhere, including all Christians, will stand one day before the Word of God and be judged by him. Paul related that “each of us will give an account of himself to God.” (Romans 14:12 NIV) and that the believer’s “work will be shown for what it is, because the Day will bring it to light.” (1 Corinthians 3:13 NIV) The author of Hebrews makes it plain that we are exposed before God!

  EXAMPLE: The one thing I really hate about going to the doctor is being in a cold room, wearing nothing but a paper gown, and waiting and wondering what he knows that I do not know. There is nothing more mortifying and impersonal than being exposed that way, especially when the nurse comes in to do all of the preliminary stuff. I now know I am not alone. Surveys show that most folks hate the very same thing. As exposed as that is, we are even more exposed before the eyes of the Lord God. The Bible tells us that nothing in our lives is hidden from God. The Psalmist would ask, “Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? (Psalms 139:7 NIV) He would state that neither the darkness could hide us nor going to the “far side of the sea”, the highest heavens or deepest depths could keep us from being exposed before the Lord! We are exposed before God!

We could be fearful of facing a holy and majestic God but we quickly discover from Hebrews…

II. God sympathizes with us! (Vv.14-15)

  “Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are--yet was without sin.” (Hebrews 4:14-15 NIV)

  1. There is wonderful news however for the Christian. The writer continues by telling us, “Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess.” How can we do that if God knows so much about us? We can because we need not fear the sharp sword of God because by his Word, our great high priest Jesus, has made us complete! Just as Jesus holds onto us we can “hold firmly to the faith we profess”! In fact, Jesus is the greatest high priest of all because of the wonder of his grace, the virtue of his sacrifice, and because of the place he now resides – at the right hand of God – Jesus is the greatest high priest! All earthly high priests had to pass the test and go through the curtain of the temple; Jesus has “gone through the heavens” where none of them could ever go! But more than that, rather than some high potentate or pope, we have a high priest who is able “to sympathize with our weaknesses”! Jesus is not someone who is so far above mankind that he cannot empathize with our condition. As Paul would wonder, “Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death-- even death on a cross! (Philippians 2:6-8 NIV) Therefore the astonishing truth is “we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet was without sin.” While God cuts through the fog of our lives and knows us inside and out, we can remain confident because God sympathizes with us!

  EXAMPLE: I do not know about you but I do not like it when politicians try to tell me that they know what I am going through. No one truly knows what we are going through unless he or she has lived as we have lived. This is why I hate it when people think that government or laws can solve the problems of the world. There is nothing that the government does either well or efficiently. And a huge impersonal government can never know what the common man feels. Government cannot feel our pain nor can it solve the sinful condition of the human heart, but God can and did. Here in Hebrews we are reminded that we follow a Savior who knows our circumstance because he himself lived as we live and died to rise again so he could identify with our condition! Rather than being fearful of God we can be confident because God sympathizes with us!

When we know God cares for us, the writer of Hebrews goes on to share that…

III. We can be confident in approaching God! (v. 16)

  “Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.” (Hebrews 4:16 NIV)

  1. This, dear child of the Lord, is the greatest truth of all: That we, sinful as we are, can come before the throne of God. As Paul would remind us, “As it is written: ‘There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands, no one who seeks God. All have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.’” (Romans 3:10-12 NIV) Yet, Hebrews admonishes, “Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence!” The author is reminding us to have no fear, no trembling, and no wondering if God truly loves us or not. How is this possible? The beautiful miracle is that all who trust in Christ can confidently approach the throne of grace! God’s throne has become to us a throne of grace through the mediation of our High Priest at God’s right hand! Now take a moment to take in this beautiful truth. No matter what our lives are like, no matter what sin we struggle with, and no matter how we may feel at the time, we the beleaguered Christian may come at any time to God’s throne “so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need”! It harkens back to the compassionate words of Jesus when he related, “Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives; he who seeks finds; and to him who knocks, the door will be opened.” (Matthew 7:7-8 NIV) Paul would write, “Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.” (Philippians 4:6-7 NIV) The way to the throne has been opened and our way paved by the blood of the Lamb of God! Nothing blocks our way to the mercy seat, we can be confident in approaching God!

  EXAMPLE: The other day when we went to the Clark County Fair, we rode the bus. When we got to the Fairgrounds it took us longer to go a few blocks than the 9 miles we had just traveled because of one person’s stupid behavior. The Sheriff had to block off the bus drop off spot and we had to go completely around the Fairgrounds to another site because of this disruption. The other day, traffic on I-5 was disrupted because of one vehicle with a flat tire and folks spent hours waiting on the freeway to get home. Several years ago we went to a favorite camping site only to find it trashed with other people’s litter. I have always found it frustrating that one car, one person’s stupid actions, or just a few individuals’ trash can ruin a commute home, a day at the Fair, or a camping trip to a favorite place. How much more frustrating to discover that one’s own sinful blindness could keep one from the presence of the Lord. However, for the believer this is simply not the case. We can be self-assured in approaching God because nothing blocks our way, ruins our day, or keeps us from him! It’s called “grace” for a reason! We can be confident in approaching God!

Conclusion:
We are exposed before God, yet God sympathizes with us, and we therefore can be confident in approaching God!
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Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 Biblica. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

Pastor Lee Hemen has been the outspoken pastor of the same church for 27 years in Vancouver, WA. He writes regularly on spirituality and conservative causes and maintains several web blogs. This article is copyrighted © 2012 by Lee Hemen and is the sole property of Lee Hemen, and may not be used unless you quote the entire article and have my permission.